ALEXANDER, MICHAEL SOLOMON (1799–1845), the first Anglican bishop in Jerusalem. After an Orthodox Jewish upbringing, in 1820 Alexander left his native Germany for England, where as Michael Solomon Pollack he served as ḥazzan and shoḥet to the small communities in Norwich (1820–21), Nottingham (1821–23), and Plymouth (1823–25). Coming into contact with Christian missionaries, he was converted to Christianity in 1825. Alexander then moved to Dublin, where he taught Hebrew, was ordained, and where, in 1827, he was appointed to a curacy. Later he was sent as a missionary to Danzig by the London Society for the Promotion of Christianity among the Jews. In 1830 he returned to London in the service of the society. From 1832 to 1841 he was professor of Hebrew and rabbinics at King's College, London. He collaborated with Alexander McCaul in Hebrew translations of the New Testament and the Anglican liturgy. In August 1840 he, with other converts, signed a protest against the damascus blood libel. When, on the withdrawal of muhammad ali from Palestine, it was decided to establish an Anglican and Lutheran bishopric in Jerusalem under the auspices of Great   Britain and Prussia, with missionary as well as political objectives, Alexander was appointed the first incumbent (November 1841). Although the British consul, on the instructions of the Foreign Office, did not support his missionary activities, Alexander zealously carried out the duties of his office as he conceived them, visiting Egypt, Syria, Iraq, and Abyssinia, which were included in his diocese. He died while on one of his visits to Egypt; his body was brought back to Jerusalem where he was buried in the Christian cemetery on Mt. Zion. His tombstone bears a long inscription in Hebrew, English, Greek, and German. His published works include The Hope of Israel, a lecture (1831); The Glory of Mount Zion, a sermon (1839); and The Flower Fadeth and Memoir of Sarah Jane Isabella Wolff… eldest daughter of… M.S. Alexander (1841). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: M.W.M. Corey, From Rabbi to Bishop: The Biography of… M.S. Alexander… (1956); A. Finn, Reminiscences of Mrs. Finn (1929), passim; H.J. Schonfield, History of Jewish Christianity… (1936), 216–19; A.M. Hyamson, British Consulate in Jerusalem in Relation to the Jews of Palestine 1838–1861, 1 (1939), 46–63; Handbook of the Anglican Bishopric in Jerusalem and the East (1941), 3–7. (Cecil Roth)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Michael Solomon Alexander — Anglican PortalMichael Solomon Alexander (1 May 1799, Schönlanke, (Provinz Posen), Prussia, today Trzcianka, Poland ndash; 23 November 1845, Bilbeis, Ottoman Empire) was the first Anglican bishop of the Diocese of Jerusalem. He was born into an… …   Wikipedia

  • Michael Alexander (bishop) — For other people named Michael Alexander, see Michael Alexander (disambiguation). Michael Solomon Alexander Bishop of Jerusalem Diocese Jerusalem Enthroned 1842 Reign ended 23 November 1845 …   Wikipedia

  • Michael E. DeBakey — Michael Elias DeBakey Michael Elias DeBakey Born September 7, 1908 (1908 09 07) Lake Charles, Louisiana …   Wikipedia

  • Michael L. Geller — Michael Lazarevich Geller (Russian: Михаил Лазаревич Геллер) or Misha Geller (July 23, 1937 Moscow, Russia December 17, 2007 Vught, The Netherlands) was a Russian viola player and composer. Misha Geller Contents …   Wikipedia

  • Michael Heidelberger — in 1950 Michael Heidelberger (April 29, 1888 – June 25, 1991)[1] was an American immunologist who is regarded as the father of modern immunology. He and Oswald Avery showed that the polysaccharides of pneumococcus are antigens, enabling h …   Wikipedia

  • Michael Irvin — Michael Irvin, October 2007 No. 88      Wide receiver Personal information …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander Young — est un ténor britannique né en 1920 et mort en 2000. Biographie Alexander Young est l un des meilleurs ténors lyriques anglais d après guerre dont le style et la musicalité furent fort appréciés. Il étudie le chant à la Guildhall School of Music… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alexander Grothendieck — Alexander Grothendieck, 1970 Alexander Grothendieck (* 28. März 1928 in Berlin) ist ein deutschstämmiger französischer Mathematiker. Er ist Begründer einer eigenen Schule der algebraischen Geometrie, deren Entwicklung er in den 1960er Jahren… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Michael Chekhov — Mikhail A. Chekhov, 1910s Born Mikhail Aleksandrovich Chekhov 29 August 1891(1891 08 29) St. Petersburg, Russian Empire …   Wikipedia

  • Michael Sela — (Hebrew: מיכאל סלע‎) (born 2 March 1924) is an Israeli immunologist of Polish Jewish origin. He is W. Garfield Weston Professor of Immunology at the Weizmann Institute of Science in Rehovot.[1] Contents 1 Birth and academic career 2 Research …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.